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Title IX


What is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits

sex discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs, including athletic programs, or activities that receive federal funding. Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment, rape, and sexual assault. “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to

discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”

20 U.S.C. § 1681 and 34 C.F.R. Part 106

Report It

Below is Board Policy D1130 regarding Equal Employment and Educational Opportunities and Unlawful Discrimination

Contact Us

  • Charo L. Albarran
    Vice President, Human Resources and Training & Development and Title IX Coordinator For incidents involving any employee of the college.
  • (707) 256-7100

  • Robert Harris
    Dean, Language and Developmental Studies, Mathematics, Arts & Humanities and Health Occupations

Key Concepts Defined

Napa Valley College is committed to providing an open and transparent explanation of college policies and procedures. For a more detailed description of the terms listed below, please review the College's Board Policies and Administrative Procedures.

What is Title IX?

Title IX is federal civil rights legislation that prohibits gender discrimination in educational settings. Under Title IX, schools are required to investigate all reports of gender discrimination and sexual misconduct, stop the misconduct and prevent it from occurring in the future, and remedy the harm caused by the misconduct.

What is Sexual Misconduct?

Sexual misconduct is a broad term used to describe any unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature that is committed without consent. Sexual misconduct can be committed by a person of any gender, and it can occur between people of the same or different gender. Examples of sexual misconduct include:

Sexual Harassment

Sexual Harassment is unwelcome, sexual, sex-based, and/or gender-based verbal, written, online, and/or physical conduct.

Non-Consensual Sexual Contact

Non-consensual sexual contact is any intentional sexual touching, however slight, with any object or by a person upon another person, that is without consent and/or by force.

Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse

Non-consensual sexual intercourse is any sexual intercourse, however slight, with any object or by a person upon another person, that is without consent and/or by force.

Dating Violence

Dating violence means violence committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim.

Domestic Violence

Domestic violence includes felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed by:

  • a current or former spouse of the victim;
  • a person with whom the victim shares a child in common;
  • a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse;
  • a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under California law; or
  • any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person's acts under California law.


Stalking means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others, or to suffer substantial emotional distress.

What is Sexual Harassment?

Sexual Harassment is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical contact of a sexual nature. Sexual harassment is conduct that explicitly or implicitly affects a person's employment or education or interferes with a person's work or educational performance or creates an environment such that a reasonable person would find the conduct intimidating, hostile, or offensive.

Sexual harassment may include incidents between any members of the District community, including faculty and other academic appointees, staff, students, student employees, coaches, interns, and non-student or non-employee participants in District programs. Sexual harassment may occur in hierarchical relationships, between peers or between individuals of the same sex.

Some examples of harassing behavior include, but are not limited to:

  • Insults, name-calling, and offensive jokes
  • Intimidating words or actions
  • Unwelcome or inappropriate touching
  • Sexually suggestive remarks or gestures
  • Unsolicited pornographic materials
  • Obscene messages (via text or computer)
  • Pressure for sexual activity or a date; and
  • Sexual assault and rape

What is Consent?

Consent is knowing, voluntary, and clear permission, through word or action, to engage in mutually agreed upon sexual activity or contact.    

Since different people may experience the same interactions differently, each party is responsible for making sure that partners have provided ongoing, clear consent to engaging in any sexual activity or contact.  

A person may withdraw consent at any time during sexual activity or contact through words or actions. If that happens, the other party must immediately cease the activity or contact. Pressuring another person into sexual activity can constitute coercion, which is also considered to be sexual misconduct.    

Silence or the absence of resistance alone does not constitute consent. A victim is not required to resist or say "no" for an offense to be proven.

Consent to some forms of sexual activity (e.g., kissing, fondling, etc.) should not be construed as consent for other kinds of sexual activities (e.g., intercourse).

Being or having been in a dating relationship with the other party does not mean that consent for sexual activity exists.

Previous consent to sexual activity does not imply consent to sexual activity in the future.

To legally give consent in California, individuals must be at least 18 years old.


Force is defined as direct or indirect use of physical violence and/or imposing physically on someone to gain sexual access. Force, unless part of mutually-permissible kink, is a clear demonstration of a lack of consent.


Incapacitation is defined as a state in which individuals are unable to make rational, reasonable decisions because they lack the capacity to understand the "who, what, when, where, why, or how" of a situation or interaction. Individuals cannot give sexual consent if they can't understand what is happening, or if they are disoriented, helpless, asleep, or unconscious for any reason. This applies even if it is because they voluntarily consumed alcohol or drugs. Unless consent is "knowing," it is not valid. Those engaging in sexual activity who know or should have known that the other party is incapacitated are engaging in sexual misconduct.

The fact that a responding party was intoxicated, and thus did not realize the reporting party was incapacitated, does not excuse sexual misconduct.

Note About Confidentiality

In determining which resources to access, it is important to consider the related issues of confidentiality and privacy. Those terms sound similar, but they mean somewhat different things. Confidentiality means information will generally not be shared with anyone, except in very rare cases when sharing the information would prevent serious harm to others or the reporter. Privacy means any information you provide will only be shared with a small number of people on a need-to-know basis.

Most Napa Valley College employees can promise privacy, but not confidentiality, because they are legally required to share information that they learn about incidents of sexual misconduct and gender-based harassment with the Title IX Coordinator. Only confidential counselors in Student Health Services can promise true confidentiality. Napa Valley College students and employees may also seek help from any of the confidential community resources listed below.

Please keep in mind, the Title IX Coordinator will treat any information received with the utmost discretion and sensitivity. Please feel free to contact the Title IX Coordinator to discuss the distinction between confidential and non-confidential resources and to find the appropriate resource for you. During such conversation, you are free to share as much or as little about your own experience as you feel comfortable.

Community Resources                                                                             

Student Health Services

Student Health Services can provide confidential mental and physical health services including personal counseling, first aid, birth control, emergency contraceptives (morning-after pill), pregnancy tests and STI (sexually transmitted infection) testing.

Phone: (707) 256-7780
Clinic Hours: 9:00am -4:00pm (M,W)
9:00am -1:00pm & 2:30pm-7:00pm(Tuesday)
9:00am -3:00pm (Th,F)

Monarch Services

Monarch Services offers 24-hour access to free, confidential, bilingual support for victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. Monarch Services also provides crisis counseling and emergency shelter.

24-Hour Bilingual Crisis line: 1-888-900-4232 

Napa Emergency Women's Services

The Napa Emergency Woman's Services offers 24-hour access to free, confidential, bilingual support for victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. The center also provides counseling and legal advocacy, including help requesting restraining orders and support groups.

24-Hour Bilingual Crisis line: 707-255-NEWS (1-707-255-6397) 


Planned Parenthood Napa Health Center

The Napa Health Center offers general health care, well woman exams, men's health services, transgender healthcare, family planning services, birth control, emergency contraception, HIV testing, pregnancy tests, and STI (sexually transmitted infection) testing, treatment, and vaccines.

Phone: (707) 252-8050
Location: 1735 Jefferson St. Napa, CA 94559
Office Hours: 8:30am -5:00pm (M,W,TH,F)
11:30am -8:00pm (Tuesday)
9:00am -2:00pm (Saturday)
Closed Sunday